If you are looking for information on how to fund your community wind turbine project, you’re in the right place. This page offers a comprehensive list of community windpower funding sources for renewable energy projects and community projects across the UK. Check the symbols to see what help is available, which stage the help applies to, and which part of the UK is eligible.
Wind projects have two major phases: ‘development’ which covers the feasibility and planning consent stages and ‘construction’ which is buying the turbine and getting it installed. From a financing perspective the two phases have very different levels of risk and therefore normally use different sources of funding.
The development phase is much higher risk; typically for every wind site that successfully completes Renewables First’s modular wind feasibility process, eight sites start the process – i.e. almost 90% of sites fail the feasibility process! For this reason it would be almost impossible to borrow money to fund this stage.
Applying for planning consent also comes under ‘development’, and though not as high risk as feasibility it is still risky with around 60% of good quality applications ultimately gaining consent, some via the appeal process.
Once planning consent is obtained and assuming the initial feasibility works were good quality, most of the risk is then removed from the project and it becomes easier to obtain loan finance for the construction phase.
Community Wind projects are slightly different from more conventional wind projects in that there are grants and non-secured loans available to help with the development phases and more options to raise the construction funding from the local or wider community.
See below for a list of sources of grants, loans and investment which may be able to assist in finding your community windpower funding for your proposed development. Some of these organisations also provide useful general reference information or community project management services.
Community Windpower Funding Key
Project Stage : F – Feasibility, P – Planning, C – Construction
Funding Type : G – Grant, CL – Contingent Loan, L – Standard Loan, I – Investment
|Fund name/Link||Description||Region||Project Stage||Funding Type|
|RegenSW Devon Accelerator Funding||Seed funding available for community energy projects in Devon only. The second round closed on 27th February 2015 but another round may be announced if there are any remaining funds.||Devon||F||G|
|NI Government Funding Database||Information from the Northern Ireland Executive on various grants available, some of which may be applicable to renewable energy projects.||Northern Ireland||F, P, C||G|
|Ynni’r Fro Programme||The Energy Saving Trust administers the Welsh Government’s Ynni’r Fro community programme, which offers feasibility & planning grants of up to £30,000 plus construction cost grants of up to £300,000||Wales||F, P, C||G|
|Rural Community Energy Fund (RCEF)||Administered by charity ‘WRAP,’ RCEF is a funding programme from Defra and DECC for early-stage renewable energy projects in England. Check this eligibility map to see if your project is eligible for RCEF or its urban equivalent, UCEF.|
|RCEF Stage 1||A grant of up to £40,000 for initial investigation into the feasibility of a renewable energy project||England||F||G|
|RCEF Stage 2||A grant of up to £100,000 for business development and planning of feasible schemes.||England||P,C||L|
|Community and Renewable Energy Scheme (CARES)||CARES is operated by Local Energy Scotland and administers Scottish Government funds for community renewable energy projects. For details of post-planning loans, see Renewable Energy Investment Fund (REIF).|
|CARES Local Energy Challenge Fund||The Challenge Fund is available to pilot projects which demonstrate an innovative approach to local energy generation. Grants of up to £20,000 are available for feasibility works (Phase 1), and successful projects can later go on to bid for up to £6m (Phase 2) to complete the project.||Scotland||F,P,C||G|
|CARES Enablement Grant||Up to £25,000 is available to cover feasibility studies, community consultation and other prepatory costs.||Scotland||F||G|
|CARES Development Loan||Contingent loans of up to £150,000 are available to community groups and rural businesses. Applicable to non-community projects (rural businesses who have carried out community consultation)||Scotland||F,P||CL|
|CARES Innovation Grant||Grant to support projects which provide innovative links between local energy generations and local energy use. Applicable to non-community projects.||Scotland||F||G|
|NatureSave Trust||A charitable arm of NatureSave Insurance, the Trust provides minor ‘seed corn’ grants to community renewable energy projects across the UK.||Nationwide||F,P||G|
|Big Lottery Fund||Using funds raised by the National Lottery, the Big Lottery Fund has a range of grants available to community projects, some of which may be applicable to renewable energy. Check regularly to keep up-to-date with what’s on offer.||Nationwide||F,P,C||G|
|Energy Efficiency Financing||Offered jointly by Siemens and The Carbon Trust, this fund provides short term loans for renewable energy projects which can be repaid using the income from the project once operational. Only available to businesses and charities which have been trading for at least 36 months.||Nationwide||F,P,C||L|
|Carbon Trust 0% Business Loans||For existing high energy users, The Carbon Trust offers interest-free loans of up to £1,000 per 1.5tCO2 saving when compared with existing energy usage, for purchase and installation of renewable energy equipment. See the Carbon Trust website for their Loan Calculator and further information on company eligibility.||Wales
|Renewable Energy Investment Fund (REIF)||Provided by the Scottish Government and delivered by the Scottish Investment Bank (SIB), this fund offers construction loans and equity investment and is currently expected to run until March 2016.||Scotland||C||L,I|
|CO2Sense||An independent not-for-profit CIC offering loans and investment in renewable energy projects via a UK Government fund.||Nationwide||P,C||L,I|
|Pure Leapfrog||This charity provides advice on community projects, including a useful document summarising the benefits of community energy to local authorities. Funding is also available, particularly for deprived areas.||Nationwide||F,P,C||L|
|Ashden Awards for Sustainable Energy||These post-completion awards provide grants to a handful of renewable energy projects each year, recognising significant achievements and innovation.||Nationwide||O||G|
|Triodos Bank||Independent, ethical bank providing loans starting at £25,000.||Nationwide||F,P,C||L|
|Charity Bank||Independent, ethical bank providing loans starting at £50,000.||Nationwide||F,P,C||L|
|FSE Community Generation Fund||Part of the not-for-profit organisation FSE, which invests in various SMEs. The Community Generation Fund aims to provide supplementary funds to community renewable energy projects, particularly in deprived areas.|
|FSE Development Loans||Contingent early-stage loans, for design, environmental and planning works.||Nationwide||F,P||CL|
|FSE Construction Loans||Long term loans for construction and commissioning works.||Nationwide||C||L|
|Green Investment Group||Broadened in November 2014 to include community-scale renewables, offers construction financing and equity for community renewable energy projects across the UK.||Nationwide||C||L,I|
|Assetz Capital||Peer-to-peer lender with an emphasis on ‘green’ investments||Nationwide||F,P,C||L|
|Trillion Fund||Online crowdfunding platform for renewable energy projects, via peer-to-peer loans, bonds, debentures and shares.||Nationwide||F,P,C||L,I|
|Sharenergy||An independent co-operative offering community project setup services, particularly related to arranging share offers to source investment.||Nationwide||F,P,C||I|
|Energy4All||This well-known co-operative provides assistance with community project management and share offer setup, plus some general facts on renewable energy.||Nationwide||C||I|
Multiple sources of funding
Remember that it is normally fine to use multiple sources of funding, so when aggregated you may be able to get grants or unsecured loans to fully-fund the development stages.
Funding the construction phase
Once you have secured the relevant consents you are ready to order the turbine, complete the foundations/groundworks, onsite electrics and grid connection upgrades, and then install your wind turbine.
At this point it would be normal to raise the money for the construction phase via a community share offer, which could be to the immediate geographic community (usually the first port of call), then a progressively wider net is cast if additional funding is needed, sometimes even inviting investment for ethical private investors nationwide.
The whole area of community energy ownership structures and how they are funded is currently being reviewed under the government’s new Community Energy Strategy, so it is possible that as part of this the government will provide standard structures and legal frameworks (including template documents) to facilitate setting this side of projects up without having to use lawyers too much.
Are you considering a wind turbine project?
The first step to develop any wind power site is to conduct a full Wind Turbine Feasibility Study.